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Full text of "Poland Russia and Great Britain 1941-1945"

" The method adopted in the case of Poland is a contradiction of the
elementary principles binding the allies and constitutes a violation of the
letter and spirit of the Atlantic Charter and the right of every nation to
defend its own interests.
" The Polish Government declares that the decisions of the Three-Power
Conference concerning Poland cannot be recognised by the Polish Govern-
ment and cannot bind the Polish nation. The Polish nation will consider
the severance of the eastern half of the territory of Poland, through the
imposition of a Polish-Soviet frontier following the so-called c Curzon Line/
as a fifth partition of Poland now accomplished by her Allies, The intention
of the three Powers to create a ' Provisional Polish Government of National
Unity ' by enlarging the foreign-appointed Lublin Committee with persons
vaguely described as c democratic leaders from Poland itself and Poles
abroad' can only legalise Soviet interference in Polish internal affairs. As
long as the territory of Poland remains under the sole occupation of Soviet
troops a Government of that kind will not safeguard to the Polish nation^
even in the presence of British and American diplomats^ the unfettered
rights of free expression.
" The Polish Government., who are the sole legal and generally recognised
Government of Poland, and who for five and a half years had directed the
struggle of the Polish State and nation against the Axis countries^ both
through the Underground Movement in the homeland and through the
Polish armed forces in all theatres of war, has expressed its readiness—in a
Memorandum presented to the Governments of Great Britain and the
United States—to co-operate in the creation of a Government in Poland
truly representative of the will of the Polish nation. The Polish Govern-
ment maintains its offer."
The opinion of the Polish nation regarding the Yalta decisions was
expressed in this Statement. It was seldom that any Government had
a more unanimous backing of the country than Arciszewski's in that
tragic hour. For the first time in their appraisal of events the word
c tragic ' was employed by Polish spokesmen and Press. In 1939, when
the invaders had burst into Poland and partitioned the land between
them, when, with savage sadism they had trampled on the country,
dispersing its people as slaves, scattering them eastward through the vast
areas of Siberia to Vladivostok and Kamchatka, and westward, throughout
Europe, and when Hitler and Stalin, their hands clasped in friendship
for two years, had repeated and re-affinned that the £ Polish State will
never rise again *, there had been no despair. The Poles knew this friend-
ship was against the very nature of things. They knew when the
German Army once more passed like a whirlwind across Poland and
stormed on into Russia., that this Army would be beaten. And when the
Russians in pursuit of the Germans fought their way yet again across
Poland, her people, despite bitter lessons, did all within their power
to help, because they had faith in the word of honour of their Allies.
Poland had begun the war alone, but from the third day she had fought
as a member of the Coalition and Poland believed that she would
not be abandoned at the end of the battle. The Polish people were convin-
437